The author is president of France
In just a few days, greater than 200 worldwide chief executives will arrive in Versailles to participate in an occasion entitled “Select France”. Lots of them will unveil investments in strategic areas. Because the first of those occasions in 2018, hundreds of jobs and lots of of factories have been arrange, with greater than 200 new vegetation established in France prior to now two years alone.
We’re dedicated to constructing again French business and fostering our financial energy. It will permit us to strengthen our public providers and put money into our future. We’re appearing with unwavering dedication on the nationwide degree, with the consequence that in 2022, in line with a survey by EY, we have been probably the most enticing nation in Europe for international funding for a fourth yr operating.
Nevertheless, this battle for re-industrialisation should clearly be fought on a European scale, as properly.
Since changing into president of France in 2017, I’ve constantly argued for the thought of European sovereignty. At first this was seen as wishful considering, and at occasions perceived as too French. Nevertheless, in the course of the previous few years the EU has needed to face two pivotal crises. And, due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the conflict Russia determined to inflict on Ukraine, we’ve acknowledged our strategic dependencies and determined to behave to scale back them.
We Europeans reached this defining consensus at a summit in March 2022, additionally at Versailles. We agreed on the significance of remaining in command of our personal future and we paved the way in which for a extra sovereign Europe, with tangible selections taken on defence, vitality and financial safety.
We’re now not naive. With out compromising our openness, we’re appearing to guard our pursuits, our independence and our values, and to say our European financial and social mannequin.
What we want now’s a complete framework to implement this European consensus on sovereignty. I suggest a doctrine based mostly on 5 pillars.
The primary pillar is the obvious: a dedication to competitiveness, higher integration and the deepening of the EU single market, which is the primary situation for creating European champions within the areas of fresh tech and synthetic intelligence.
Against this, industrial coverage, the second pillar, has lengthy been taboo. However prior to now few months we’ve revamped this previous idea and turned it into a robust lever to fulfill the challenges of the ecological and digital transitions, in addition to to match the ambition of our companions and rivals.
The European Chips Act will increase analysis and growth and the manufacturing of European semiconductors. The Web Zero Trade Act will simplify present guidelines and drive extra funding and expertise to inexperienced and clear expertise.
In March, the European Fee introduced amendments to state support guidelines with a purpose to higher help Europe’s strategic industries. This has been accompanied by decisive progress on the reform of the electrical energy market.
The third pillar is the safety of significant European pursuits and strategic property. The EU has, for the primary time, created a device to dam international acquisitions of strategic European corporations. And we’ve to be daring on the subject of the query of technological decoupling and the strengthening of export controls.
Subsequent is reciprocity, the fourth pillar. It signifies that our commerce agenda must be each formidable and per our broader political targets. It should subsequently be sustainable, truthful and balanced, and pursue clear European strategic pursuits.
The ultimate pillar within the framework is multilateral solidarity. Sovereignty doesn’t imply self-reliance and the EU can thrive solely within the context of worldwide growth. I’ve invited the international locations of the worldwide south to return to Paris in June to put the groundwork for a brand new worldwide monetary framework.
We now have to implement this doctrine directly. We now have to take again management of our provide chains, vitality and innovation. We want extra factories and fewer dependencies. “Made in Europe” ought to be our motto. We now have no selection, as sovereignty is intertwined with the energy of our democracies.
For many years, the spine of Europe’s financial system was a center class with well-paid industrial jobs assured that the subsequent era could be extra affluent than the final. In Versailles subsequent week, and within the coming months, we Europeans can show that our continent, the cradle of the Industrial Revolution, can as soon as once more be the house of flourishing business and shared progress.